The roof may look like one large cover that shelters the occupants and belongings from the elements (rain, wind, snow, dust,), creatures, and other things. However, it comprises of several parts, each playing a vital role. A missing or failing part may put the entire roof in jeopardy. The sections may vary from one roof type to another but the following are noticeable in any type.
This is the framework found in the entire roof section. It consists of many pieces such as rafters, ridge rafters, and supports the covering, sheathing, underlayment, and insulation.
This is what is nailed to the rafters and stops rain, sun, wind, snow, animal droppings, dust, and dirt and other debris from entering. Iron sheets, tiles, concrete, slate are the popular covering materials.
These are normally made from wood but you may also find metal type. They run from one end of the roof to the other and form the framework. It supports the covering, insulation, and sheeting and also connects the ceiling joists.
This is the wood plank that runs horizontally along the roof’s edges. It is nailed to the rafters and may also support the gutter. The accessory also helps to enhance the property’s beauty and value.
This is found on a pitched, gambrel, gable, mansard and other types of roofs. It’s the highest point (think of the letter “V” upside-down) and connects the two sides of the roof.
– Ridge tile:
This is the covering or tiles that are found on the ridge. It prevents the entry of dust, dirt, water, moisture and other debris.
The lowest point of a pitched roof including mansard, gambrel, gable and other roofs is known as the eave. It’s also where the gutter is connected to the roof.
This is the connection between two pitched/sloped roofs and forms a right angle (90 degrees). Below the valley is a valley rafter that supports a shallow gutter-like piece for allowing water and other debris to trickle down into the gutter.
This pipe running vertically from
the roof to the ground. It is connected to the gutter and channels the water to the designated point. It’s made of metal such as galvanized steel, plastic, and other materials.
– Ceiling joists/Ties:
These wooden planks run along the rafters and improve the rafter’s strength. They also help to attach the soffits.
The area that is visible when you straight up a roof is the soffit. It lies between the wall and fascia or eaves and conceals the rafters and ceiling joists.
This is an OSB, plywood,
or particleboard that is placed over the rafters. It strengthens the roof and also supports the underlayments.
It comprises a waterproof material made of bituminous product, rubber strips, and felt. It’s placed over the sheathing and improves the waterproofing.
These timber or metal strips hold the tiles in place. They have different gapping to cater for different kinds of tiles.
Other notable parts include the Gable, Chimney, Verge, Hip, Dormer, Rake, Skylight, Ride Vent, and Step flushing.
If you would like more information about the different roof parts, their role, or are seeking roof related services, then you should talk to our Roofing Service Birmingham Roofers . Our company deals in new installation, repair, maintenance and offers its services to residents of Birmingham and the surrounding areas. We rely on professionals who will leave no stone unturned to see your roof is in top shape. For more information about the roofer or its services, visit the company website, send them an email, or call them.